Yasna 28.5 based on the ancient commentary


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Yasna 28.5

asha (brilliance, luminosity, virtue,) when shall I see You? When I have become wise/brilliant through vohüman (awe-inspiring, superb spirit/mind)
{That is I shall see You at that time when everyone is knowledgeable through forward progress/advancement, but when shall it be?}

The enchanted seat of ahúrmazd (when shall I see it or have a vision of it,) the resplendent, brilliant (desirous of every advantage/well-being;) Gaining knowledge/foresight (of that enchanted seat) through hearing, melodious song

Through the most magnificent, majestic mantra; I shall bring under my will/transform according to my desire Monsters through the power of language/tongue

ashá kat thwá daresání
asha-vahishtö kih tü vínam

asha (brilliance, luminosity, virtue,) when shall I see You?

Avestan daresání from dares; Compare Greek derkesthai “to see clearly,” Proto Germanic drako “sharp sighted” dragon (all eyes) comes from the same root.
ashá/arthá is almost identical to Greek arête “excellence, virtue, brilliance, divine skill/workmanship”

manas-chá vohü vaædemnö
pah án í vohüman ákás-dahishníh ín dánam (küt andar án zamán vínam, kih har kas pah frárünöíh ákás kih beed)

When I have become wise/brilliant through vohüman (awe-inspiring, superb spirit/mind) {That is I shall see You at that time when everyone is knowledgeable through forward progress/advancement, but when shall it be?}

gátüm-chá ahúrái sevíshtái
gás í ahúrmazd (kih vínam) í süd khvástár

The enchanted seat of ahúrmazd (when shall I see it or have a vision of it,) the resplendent, brilliant (desirous of every advantage/well-being)

Sevíshtái; resplendent, brilliant is the 13th name of ahúrmazd. Compare to Old Church Slavonic sviteti “to shine,” svetu “light;” Lithuanian sviesti “to shine,” svaityti “to brighten.” Speñtá or “splendid, auspicious, bright” comes from the same root.

seraóshem mazdái
(án gás) pah srösh dáneed (kü kih dastür dárad sháyad dánistan kü nadükíh az án gás chih)

Gaining knowledge/foresight (of that enchanted seat) through hearing, melodious song

Seraósh from srú; Old Norse heyra, Old Church Slavonic slusati “hear, listen to;” seraósh/srúsh is the “melodies, songs of the universe/creation.”

aná mánthrá mazishtem
án mánthráh mahíst

Through the most magnificent, majestic mantra

Compare mánthrá with Greek mentor “wise advise/counsel, formulas that unleash the powers of spirit/mind

váúröi.maidí khrafstrá hizvá.
ash heemunínshnö dahishnö ü kih khirad staredö isteed pah hüzvánö (ash chíz ín veh kih aeerpatistánö vádünyén)

Bring under my will/transform according to my desire monsters through the power of language/tongue

váúröi.maidí from the root var; bring under my will, transform according to my desire

khrafstr or MONSTERS has been translated as “khirad staredö” in all the ancient commentaries of the poetic gathas. Khirad is the kraft/power of spirit/mind to manifest; staredö means scattered. By khrafstr are malformed creatures or defective manifestations, Monsters are meant.

hizvá, hüzvánö Old High German zunga, German Zunge, Latin lingua; tongue, speech, power of language

ardeshir

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