Monthly Archives: April 2015

Aša, Artha Artistry/Ingenuity that establishes the Order of the Worlds


April 22nd is the great festival of ašá/arthá in the Avestan calendar. In the Zoroastrian religious calculation whenever the name of the god being that presides over the month and the day coincide, there is cause for great joy, festivity … Continue reading

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Avestan xratu, ḵratü, Homeric krátos “triumph of the spirit, seer-will, superior wisdom.”


Persian xratu is the word for “superior wisdom.” The ancient Indo- Iranian xratu or more accurately the Avetsan ḵratü “unrivaled wisdom, superior powers of mind/spirit to recall and summon into being” is in the poetic gathas and the Avestan lore, … Continue reading

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Ancient Indo European Accounts of the World Ages and the Ancient Avestan Commentaries


The Four Ages of the world narrated in the Avestan Südgar/Südkar commentary of the poetic gathas reminds one of very similar accounts in both Greek and Vedic mythologies. Südgar is the first of the ancient Avestan commentaries on the poetic … Continue reading

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Fravashi; World as Will and Archetypal Ideals


Fravashis are the archetypal ideals in the Zoroastrian theology. They are perfect spiritual exemplars exerting their influence from beyond the visible. Fravashis are archetypal models that govern the behavior of all living organisms as well as inorganic matter. They could … Continue reading

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Darius the Great Zoroastrian versus Cyrus the Emperor


Xenophon, in his Cyropaedia, portrays Cyrus as an ideal ruler (Avery, pp. 529-31; Hirsch, pp. 84-86). Also, Plato considers him a great conqueror and a wise statesman (Laws 3.694A-D.) Cyrus like his ancestors and kin, was by all Greek accounts a … Continue reading

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Paradise, Resurrection and Creating Heaven on Earth


The word paradise comes from the Old Iranian pairi-daæz “an idyllic enclosure.” The modern Persian páliz “lush secret garden” comes from the same root. In Old Persian Inscriptions, Darius the Great, describes his lush garden palace complex at Susa as … Continue reading

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Tištar “the three luminous stars of the Orion’s Belt” and lucky 13


The 13th day after the vernal equinox is the day of Tištar, the DOG-STAR OF THE THREE-STARS or Sirius, Old Norse Hunda-stjarna. The day dedicated to Tištar or the most brilliant three stars visible in the firmament is a most … Continue reading

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