Author Archives: orthodoxzoroastrian

Fravahar/Fravar, the Valkyries, and the Parsi Mukhtad Rites


The last ten-days at year’s end, are the “All Hallows or All Saints Festival” in the Zoroastrian calendar, dedicated to fravašis or fravars “Valkyrie-like beings” who are the “pristine prototypes of the creation.” The festival shares many features with Celtic pagan … Continue reading

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Immortality, Tree symbolism in the Zoroastrian sacred lore, and the tree of the mythical falcon/eagle Simorgh


Trees specially evergreens and ancient trees are the symbol of Immortals in Zoroastrianism. The link between trees, “Immortality and deathlessness” ameretát is established in the poetic gathas, See Yasna 51.7. The original gathic poetry reads as follows: apas-čá ûrvarávs-čá ameretátá … Continue reading

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The language of the Immortals and the third &10th hymn of the Gathas


The third hymn of the poetic gathas/songs of Prophet Zarathustra start with the words at tá vaḵšiia išentö “In this day, of the words of power, I shall speak.”  Vaḵšiia comes from the root vač/vaḵš “voice, word.” In the gathas, … Continue reading

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Ahura Mazda as the Giver of Gifts, Odin’s rune Gebo, and the virtue of responsible generosity and giving


In the ancient Germanic runic alphabet*geƀō “gift” represented “generosity and giving.” Geƀō was a rune of Odin as it expressed Odin’s role as the Gift-Giver.  The exchange of gifts was a sacred tradition of the Indo Europeans. While the ancient … Continue reading

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The rune Tyr, Avestan Tištar, three Star, Celestial Arrow, and MIDSUMMER


In the runic alphabet *Tīwaz or Týr is a warrior rune, and teaches that valor and a noble cause will ultimately triumph, and carry the day. *Tīwaz is “Day Sky god, the god of sacred struggle, and just cause.” To … Continue reading

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Rune Kenaz, sacredness of pine tree, and the image of lighting the torch in Zoroastrianism


Rune *kenaz/kaunan symbolizes the “light of knowledge.” The original meaning of *kenaz though is “PINE” or the TORCH of flammable pinewood. *Kenaz, from the Old Norse kaun is a cognate of the Old English cēn. The Old Indo Iranian term for … Continue reading

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Rune Uruz and Zarathustra’s Name


Rune *uruz literally means “auroch,” and symbolizes “virility, determination, primal raw energies associated with life force, and adventurous spirit.” In short, uruz is the “subconscious will power, passion of the untamed nature.” Once aurochs ranged throughout much of Eurasia. They were … Continue reading

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