Author Archives: orthodoxzoroastrian

Rune Kenaz, sacredness of pine tree, and the image of lighting the torch in Zoroastrianism

Rune *kenaz/kaunan symbolizes the “light of knowledge.” The original meaning of *kenaz though is “PINE” or the TORCH of flammable pinewood. *Kenaz, from the Old Norse kaun is a cognate of the Old English cēn. The Old Indo Iranian term for … Continue reading

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Rune Uruz and Zarathustra’s Name

Rune *uruz literally means “auroch,” and symbolizes “virility, determination, primal raw energies associated with life force, and adventurous spirit.” In short, uruz is the “subconscious will power, passion of the untamed nature.” Once aurochs ranged throughout much of Eurasia. They were … Continue reading

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Rune Thurisaz, Frost Giants, and the severe cosmic winter in Zoroastrianism

In the runic alphabet of the ancient Germanic tribes of Northern Europe there is a rune called *þurisaz/thurisaz “frost giant.” Thurisaz is a protective rune that is depicted as the hammer of THOR. The rune symbolizes “striking powerful blows, delivering heavy defeat” … Continue reading

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The abode of the Immortals, wide vision, and the eye that sees all in the poetic gathas

WELKIN “clouds, heaven, abode of the Gods” is an old English word that brings to mind a quote from Shakespeare’s King John Act 5, Scene 5: “The sun of heaven, methought, was loath to set / But stay’d and made the … Continue reading

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The ancient Zoroastrian nation state Erán-shahr, and a plurality of ethnic groups within the ancient Persian Empire

The ancient Iranian system of government can be understood under the term Érán–shahr. The word ērān is derived from middle Iranian ehrih “honor, nobility, German Ehre.” It goes back to Avestan airya “noble.” The term for “state, realm, dominion” in middle Iranian … Continue reading

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The second hymn of the gathas, animal welfare and the spirit/will to enhance life

The second song/hymn of the poetic gathas start with the words ḵšma.ibiiá géuš ûrvá gereždá “To You (the Multiplicity of Immortals,) the soul of the primeval cow géuš ûrvá (personification of all animal life,) lamented/grieved gereždá. The “primeval cow” géuš … Continue reading

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Celebration of Equinoxes, Solstices in Zoroastrianism, and the sacredness of nature

April 30th marks the beginning of the Zoroastrian “mid-spring” festival. The mid-spring festival lasts 5 days and culminates on May 4th. Maiδyö.zarəm literally means “middle of greenery and flowers,” and refers to the “bright golden green color of spring flowers and vegetation.” … Continue reading

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