Category Archives: Uncategorized

The Zoroastrian Midsummer celebrations, and the sacred Three-Star


This year, the Zoroastrian mid-summer festival “maidhyö-sham” started on June the 29th, and was concluded on July 3rd. The Zoroastrian midsummer festivities are closely associated with  Tištriia, literally the “three-star”(the “triangle constellation of Canis Major,) or more specifically ”the brightest star … Continue reading

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Zoroastrian Wáj and Indo-European *Wékwos 


Wáj or Báj, is an “Avestan formula of benediction,” which serves to invoke Gods/Immortals favor upon life activities via sacred speech.  Wáj/Báj must be recited in the words of the Avestan language that exude great power.  The term wáj is derived from … Continue reading

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Sraosha, heeding and being inspired by the brilliant god powers


We read in the Várštmánsar commentary of Yasna 28 that the“Auspicious, Brilliant Immortals” come for assistance/help through Seraôša, or “readiness to listen, and be inspired by the life increasing god-powers.”  Seraôša is derived from srū- “to hear,”  Greek κλ􏰂ο􏰃 “fame, report,” … Continue reading

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The luminous vision, the eye, and the sun in the gathic poetry


The Váršt.mánsar commentary of Yasna 28 talks about the “eyes of excellence,” and “luminous vision of higher truth” ašəm through the “sublime words of the Brilliant, Auspicious Immortals.”  Áiš in the Avestan original is understood/read as a variant of ašî … Continue reading

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Yasna 28 and the heaven of songs/music


The Poetic Songs/Gathas of Zarathustra start with Yasna 28, with the word ahyá (self, essence.) The last word of the Gathas is vahyö, (better, more excellently.)  In the ancient Mazda Worship, ahuras are “primeval god powers” who continuously strive to … Continue reading

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Yasna 28 and the magical wisdom, craftsmanship of the creator


The ancient váršt.mánsar commentary of the first song of the Gathas (Yasna 28) starts with the discussion of yánîm manö formula. Yánîm manö is a short preface to the first sacred song. Accordingly, the ancient seer/prophet of the Indo-Europeans, Zarathustra, … Continue reading

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yeŋhæ-hátám, Hallow the Immortals


According to the varšt-mánsar ancient commentary, yeŋhæ-hátám is about the words of Ahûrá Mazdá to Zarathustra of the Spitaman (white) Clan: ‘ Utter the hallowed words of prayer for us who are the Brilliant, Auspicious Immortals, since you have hallowed the … Continue reading

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Praise of Ingenuity, the truth of Immortals, second holiest mantra


According to the varšt-mánsar ancient commentary, aṣ̌em-vohü, the second holiest mantra of Zoroastrianism is about counsel to praise and worship aṣ̌á, “excellence, right order, truth.”  (Avestan aṣ̌á or arthá is the “ingenuity, artistic skill,” to arrange into the “right order,” … Continue reading

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Ancient Váršt-mánsar commentary on the holiest formula of Zoroastrianism


Váršt-mánsar literally “most efficient mantras, mind formulas,” is the title of one of the 3 most ancient commentaries of the Poetic Gathas.  In the following series of articles, I will discuss the Váršt-mánsar commentary of each gathic, sacred song beginning … Continue reading

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Nauvrooz and Spring Equinox of 2020


We read in the the 27th chapter of Bün-dahishn, literally “the basis of Creation/Establishing of the Worlds,” that for each day of the month there is a flower that is appropriate for Ahûrá Mazda, and one of his Auspicious Immortals. … Continue reading

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