Category Archives: Uncategorized

The luminous vision, the eye, and the sun in the gathic poetry


The Váršt.mánsar commentary of Yasna 28 talks about the “eyes of excellence,” and “luminous vision of higher truth” ašəm through the “sublime words of the Brilliant, Auspicious Immortals.”  Áiš in the Avestan original is understood/read as a variant of ašî … Continue reading

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Yasna 28 and the heaven of songs/music


The Poetic Songs/Gathas of Zarathustra start with Yasna 28, with the word ahyá (self, essence.) The last word of the Gathas is vahyö, (better, more excellently.)  In the ancient Mazda Worship, ahuras are “primeval god powers” who continuously strive to … Continue reading

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Yasna 28 and the magical wisdom, craftsmanship of the creator


The ancient váršt.mánsar commentary of the first song of the Gathas (Yasna 28) starts with the discussion of yánîm manö formula. Yánîm manö is a short preface to the first sacred song. Accordingly, the ancient seer/prophet of the Indo-Europeans, Zarathustra, … Continue reading

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yeŋhæ-hátám, Hallow the Immortals


According to the varšt-mánsar ancient commentary, yeŋhæ-hátám is about the words of Ahûrá Mazdá to Zarathustra of the Spitaman (white) Clan: ‘ Utter the hallowed words of prayer for us who are the Brilliant, Auspicious Immortals, since you have hallowed the … Continue reading

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Praise of Ingenuity, the truth of Immortals, second holiest mantra


According to the varšt-mánsar ancient commentary, aṣ̌em-vohü, the second holiest mantra of Zoroastrianism is about counsel to praise and worship aṣ̌á, “excellence, right order, truth.”  (Avestan aṣ̌á or arthá is the “ingenuity, artistic skill,” to arrange into the “right order,” … Continue reading

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Ancient Váršt-mánsar commentary on the holiest formula of Zoroastrianism


Váršt-mánsar literally “most efficient mantras, mind formulas,” is the title of one of the 3 most ancient commentaries of the Poetic Gathas.  In the following series of articles, I will discuss the Váršt-mánsar commentary of each gathic, sacred song beginning … Continue reading

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Nauvrooz and Spring Equinox of 2020


We read in the the 27th chapter of Bün-dahishn, literally “the basis of Creation/Establishing of the Worlds,” that for each day of the month there is a flower that is appropriate for Ahûrá Mazda, and one of his Auspicious Immortals. … Continue reading

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The great Zoroastrian Winter Festival of Sadæ


Sadæ is the great Zoroastrian-Iranian winter festival that heralds the coming of spring, and the gradual warming of the waters, the earth and plants. Sadæ is celebrated forty days after winter solstice, on or about January 30th.  The festival of … Continue reading

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The dual nature of “wolves, fairies, and mortal men in the Zoroastrian sacred lore, and tradition


The traditional accounts of Zarathustra’s life are contained in the 7th book of holy Denkart (Denkart literary means “explanatory works on the revealed wisdom/vision.” Denkart is the largest, and most ancient commentary work on the Avestan sacred lore. While Avestá … Continue reading

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Hearth Fire in Zoroastrianism


The 9th month of the Zoroastrian sacred calendar, that is the last month of fall/autumn is dedicated to “hearth fire, and altar,” áθar/áthar. The great festival of fire ADAR.GAAN literally “singing hymns of praise to áthar/fire,” falls on November 24th … Continue reading

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