Ahura Mazda as the Giver of Gifts, Odin’s rune Gebo, and the virtue of responsible generosity and giving


In the ancient Germanic runic alphabet*geƀō “gift” represented “generosity and giving.” Geƀō was a rune of Odin as it expressed Odin’s role as the Gift-Giver.

 The exchange of gifts was a sacred tradition of the Indo Europeans. While the ancient Indo Europeans celebrated “giving and generosity,” yet they strongly believed in finding a right balance between giving and receiving. For a gift always calls for reciprocity. To give was a virtue only when it was measured and responsible giving.

Geƀō sanctifies the bond between mortals and the Immortal Gods, For the Gods are “Giver of all the Good things.”

Rune Geƀō is a cognate of Gothic giba, Old Norse gjǫf, Old English ġifu/ġiefu/ġyfu, Old High German geba and German Gabe, (See Didier Calin.)

And Old English rune poem says:
Gyfu gumena byþ gleng and herenys,
wraþu and wyrþscype and wræcna gehwam
ar and ætwist, ðe byþ oþra leas
.

“Generosity brings credit and honor, which support one’s dignity; / it furnishes help and subsistence / to all broken men who are devoid of aught else, (Courtesy of Didier Calin.)

In Zoroastrianism, the supreme god Ahûrá Mazdá is referred to as Dátár AhûrMazd or Ahûrá Mazdá the “Giver of Gifts.”

The epithet dátár comes from an ancient proto Indo European root *deh “give.” The root also supplies the base of *dehtér “Giver.”

Avestan dátár is a cognate of Old Church Slavonic dateljî and Greek dótor “giver, giving.” In the poetic gathas, Ahûrá Mazdá GIVES all the good things through spǝñtá mainyü, his “auspicious/splendid mind-force, Willpower.”

The gathic poetry in Yasna 44.7, 5th rhymed verse line declares that the Mindful Lord through his auspicious/splendid mind power/spirit is the Giver of all Good things, speñtá mainiiü vîspanãm dátárem.

Avestan spǝñtá is a cognate of Old Church Slavonic svętŭ and Lithuanian šventas, and means “auspicious, splendid with the life force, shining brightly, luminous and full of energy, Sacred.” Ma.in.iiü ma.in.yü comes from the root man and refers to “mind-force, power of intent, spirit, will.”

The ancient Baga commentary of Yasna 49.12 of the gathas states: the spirits/energies or powers of consciousness/mind mainüg respond to a much higher degree avîrtar to the invoker who yearns yashtár for them foremostly.

For each one of the spirits/mind forces mainüg there is a form of celebration/hallowing yazishn, as the spirit of generosity is (hallowed) through “watchful, selective giving” vichîdár dahišnî, the spirit of right rástî through healthy morals/virtues rástî, the spirit of friendship mitrö through healthy reciprocity hû mitröî, and the spirit of Godhood ḵûdáyî through becoming Godlike heartily ḵûdáyî.

Because what is desired with “vision and wisdom” dánágî from the Adorable Gods yazdán ḵûdáyán, for making one’s own self worthy arjánîg, becomes a lucky boon from the Adorable Gods yazdán ḵûdáyán.

I shall conclude by another commentary from holy Denkart that states: The knowledge of the Creator/Giver, is through creativity, giving and generosity in undertaking.”

ardeshir

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