Yasna 29.2 based on the ancient commentary


Copyright: @2014 Ardeshir Farahmand. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Then the architect of gaia (the living universe) asked of excellence/brilliance

Who is your wise counsel for the living creatures?

Who shall give them kingship?

Altogether empowerment, vitality, and savvy 

Who is their happy, fortuitous god-power?

Who shall fight/repel the wrath of the treacherous?

 

adá tashá géush peresat ashem

Aitünö án í göspend, táshídár [Ahúrmazd], pürsíd kü: Ashavahishtö

Then the architect of gaia (the living universe) asked of excellence/brilliance

Adá; “then, at that given point/time”

Tashá; “master builder, architect, high-crafter,” Compare Greek tekton “builder, crafter”

Géush; “gaia, embodiment of life and the living universe” It also means “livestock, cattle, cow.”Compare to Auðumbla or the primeval cow of the Norse mythology and Greek Gaia (also Gē or Gaea) as the giver of life to the Earth and all Universe.

Peresat; “to ask a question” Compare Old Church Slavonic prositi, Lithuanian prasyti

Ashem from asha/artha; “excellence, brilliance” Compare Greek arete, aristos

kathá töi gavöi ratüsh

kih tü göspend radö, [kü in dádistánö chígün, kü radö í göspendán kih],

Who is your wise counsel for the living creatures?

töi: “your”

Ratüsh/ratü; “to advise, counsel, solve a riddle, interpret, understand the meaning of, read” Old Norse raða, Dutch raden, German raten, The name Elrond in the Lord of the Rings comes from the same root.

hyat hím dátá khshayañtö

kih án dádö páðakh­shah, [khürdan ud dáshtan],

Who shall give them kingship?

hyat pronounced yat; “while, whilst, period/space of time”

hím; literally “him/her” can be used for any gender

Dátá; “give”

Khshayañtö; “steer, power to rule, kingship”

hadá vástrá gaódáyö thwakhshö,

kiyash aítö dehad vástar, ud án ham göspendán dahishnö tükhshák, [kü vástar dehad,
afash pasüsháürün í az án pedákíneed, kih göspend bará afzáyíneed]?

Altogether empowerment, vitality, and savvy

Hadá; “give at the same time, altogether”

Vástrá; “vest with powers, empower” originally clothe, armor, shield

Gaódáyö; “vitality,” Lithuanian gyvata “(eternal) life

Thwakhshö; “savvy, smart, vigor” Vedic tvakhsh, Hittite taksh, German tüchtig/tugend, “smart, savvy, vigor”

kém höi úshtá ahúrem

kih avö pah nadükí khüðáí, [kiyash fravarishn na vádünyeen
ach páðakh­shah khürdan],

Who is their happy, fortuitous god-power?

Ahúrem from ahúrá; “god-power” Old Norse æsir

Úshtá; “radiant, happy, fortuitous” Compare with Germanic Ôstara “dawn, radiance, new splendor”

ýé dregvö.débísh aæshemem vádáyöit

kih avö darvand khíshmö an-áír zanishnö [dehad in  pasukhvö, küsh stübö vádünyeen]

Who shall fight/repel the wrath of the treacherous?

Aæshm; “wrath, rage, strife” Lithuanian aistra “violent passion” “rage,” Gothic airzeis, airzissa “unruly,” “wild,” “stray” I should add that in old Aryan speech and Avestan “sh” and “r” are freely interchangeable. Eris, the Greek goddess of discord, strife, and lawlessness comes from the same ancient root. The ancient commentary says to repel/put down the wrath/strife of the non-Aryans

Vádáyöit from vádá; “weapon, fight, repel”

ardeshir

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2 Responses to Yasna 29.2 based on the ancient commentary

  1. Ardeshir Mazdai says:

    Dear Ardeshir, where is the Ancient commentary? We would like to have it back please, like you used to do before!
    Thank you,
    Ardeshir.

  2. It is updated with the ancient commentary

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