Yasna 28.10 based on the ancient commentary


Copyright: @2013 Ardeshir Farahmand. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Yasna 28.10

Those who have become wise to excellence/ahuric virtues

And also vohüman’s doings, creating

(That is those who have become perfectly intelligent through virtue and forward progress)

(These have) Excelled, surpassed to mazda ahura

Fulfill them their desires in power

(Manifest their prize in pure good fortune)

Since there is no absence, lack in you

Manifest loving songs/prayers of genuine intent

(Those who perform your adoration/union, will never lack or want, for they will always have fuel/nourishment and protection)

at ýéñg asháat-chá vöistá

kih aetünö aharáyí ákás hömanání

Those who have become wise to excellence/ahuric virtues

Vöistá from vid; Old Norse vita, to know, to have seen, German wissen

Ashá/arthá; Greek arête, aristos, “excellence, godly virtues and powers, brilliance”

vang.hé.ush-chá dáthéñg man.ang.hö

ud án í vohüman  dahishnö (kü pah rástí ud pah frárüní bündak ákás bará büd)

And also vohüman’s doings, creating

(That is those who have become perfectly intelligent through virtue and forward progress)

Vohüman: the awe-inspiring, wondrous, superb spirit/mind of Mazda

Dáthéñg  from dá: Proto Indo European root dhe- “to do, make, put into place”, Sanskrit dadhati,  Hittite dai- “to put into place;” Lithuanian deti “to put;” Polish dziać się “to be happening;” Russian delat’ “to do;” Old High German tuon, German tun, Old Saxon, Old English don “to do;” “a doing;”

ereth.wéñg mazdá ahúrá

í frárünö  ahúrmazd

(These have) Excelled, surpassed to mazda ahura

aæibyö perená ápanáish kámem

am pah öshán pür anbáreed kámak (küm nadükí padash vadünyin)

Fulfill them their desires in power

(Manifest their prize in pure good fortune)

Perená; Proto Indo European Pele, Old Norse fullr, “fill up, make full” make abundant

Sanskrit apas- “work, accomplish, religious act;” Old Norse æfa, Latin opus, Old High German uoben, German üben “to work, exercise power,” Old English æfnan “to perform, work, accomplish,” afol “power”

Kám; “craving, desire” Latin carus, Old Irish cara “beloved, friend”

at vé khshmaibyá asüná

kih aetünö pah án í shümá asüdakö

Since there is no absence, lack in you

Vé; Compare with French vous “You”

A-süná;” no absence, no deficiency, no lack, no shortage” Compare with Vedic shunyá “zero, empty place, absence”

vaædá khva-raithyá vaiñtyá sraváv

vindíneed khürishn ud vastarg pah án sráyishnö (kih pah yazishnö í shümá südakö nah beed ash khürishn ud vastarg vindíneed)

Manifest loving songs/prayers of genuine intent

(Those who perform your adoration/union, will never lack or want, for they will always have fuel/nourishment and protection)

 Vaædá from vid; “manifest, clearly reveal, plainly show, display”

Khva; Compare to “sva/self” It means: “belonging to self, genuine, real”

Raithyá; Proto Indo European root re(i)- “REASON,” also “reckoning, understanding, motive, cause, RHYME or REASON,” Compare with Old English rædan

khva-raithyá; “good purpose, genuine intent”

vaiñtyá; Vedic vanas, Roman Venus “Love, desire, to win ” Compare also with Old Norse vinna “to win, overcome, conquer”

sraváv from srú; “songs,”

ardeshir

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