The Aryan origin of most Iranians, Darius Great’s Inscription and the propaganda movie 300
A Great god (Ancient Persian baga, Slavic bóg, God) is Ahúrá Mazdá, (baga vazraka Aúra-mazda)
Who created/gifted (a-da) this earth, who created/gifted this sky
(hya imam búmim ada hya avam asmanam)
Who created (a-da “gave, created) mortal man (martiya), who created brilliant happiness for mortal man
(ada hya martiyam ada hya shiyatim ada martiyahya ada hya martiyam ada hya)
Who made Darius the ruler/king,
(hya Dáraya-vaum xshayath-iyam a-kun-aúsh)
The One ruler/king among plentitude or many
(aivam parúvnám xshayath-iyam)
The One chief commander, the ruler among plentitude or many rulers
(aivam parúvnám framátáram)
I am (ad-am) Darius, the Great king, ruler/king over kings, king of all the lands, king of this great clime, far and wide, son of Hystaspes, an Achaemenid, a Persian, son of a Persian, AN ARYAN, FROM THE ARYAN KINSFOLK
(ad-am Dáraya-vaush, xshayath-iya vazraka,xshayath-iya xshayath-iya-nám,xshayath-iya dahyú-nám vispa-zanánám11 xshayath-iya ahyaya búmiya vazrakaya,dúra-iapiy, Vishtasp-ahya púcha, haxa-manishiya, pársa pársahya pucha, ARIYA ARIYA-CICHA)
Out of 10 Ancient Iranian human male remains assigned to the Andronovo horizon from the greater Khorasan in the northeast of Greater Airan/Iran, 9 possessed the distinct Aryan R1a Y-chromosome haplogroup. (That is the ancient Iranian/Aryan marker R1a predominates in Andronovo samples)
mtDNA haplogroups of nine individuals assigned to the same Andronovo horizon and region were as follows: U4 (2 individuals), U2e, U5a1, Z, T1, T4, H, and K2b.
The study determined that at least 2/3 of the individuals overall (out of the 26 Bronze and Iron Age human remains’ samples of the study that could be tested) had light hair and grey or blue, green eyes.
(An average of 8% to 9% percent of Present day Iranians have light colored eyes in the urban areas and about 15% of the Present day Iranians in the rural mountainous areas have light colored eyes.)
Today, R-M17 can be found in most parts of Western Asia, in widely varying concentrations, from almost NO presence in areas such as Saudi Arabia and Jordan, to much higher levels in Kurdish parts of Iraq, Eastern Turkey and Iran.
Wells 2001, noted that in the western part of the country, Iranians show lower R-M17 levels (an average of 15%,) while males of eastern parts of Iran carried up to 35% R-M17.
Nasidze 2004 found R-M17 in approximately 20% of Iranian males from the cities of Tehran and Isfahan. Regueiro 2006 in a study of Iran noted much higher frequencies of R1a among the population.
R-M17 is found in extremely high frequencies among ancient Iranian Tajik populations of Central Asia, especially in the mountainous badakhshan region and the towering Pamir ranges.
The highest R1a1 frequencies are detected in the Central Asian populations of Ishkashemi Tajiks (68%) and Pamiri Tajiks (64%), both groups being remnants of the original Eastern Iranian population of the region. Apart from these two groups, high frequencies of R1a1 are also found in Pashtuns (44.8%) and eastern parts of the Iranian Highlands up to frequencies of 35%, similar to Northern India.
In Europe, the R-M17 sub-clade, is found at highest levels among peoples of Eastern European descent (Poles, Russians and Ukrainians; 50 to 65%) (Balanovsky 2008, Behar 2003, and Semino 2000).
In the Baltic countries R-M17 frequencies decrease from Lithuania (45%) to Estonia (around 30%) (Kasperaviciūte 2005).
There is a significant presence in peoples of Scandinavian descent, with highest levels in Norway and Iceland, where between 20 and 30% of men are in R-M17 (Bowden 2008 and (Dupuy 2005).
Vikings and Normans may have also carried the R-M17 lineage westward; accounting for at least part of the small presence in the British Isles (Passarino 2002 and Capelli 2003).
In East Germany, where Haplogroup R-M17 reaches a peak frequency in Rostock at a percentage of 31.3%, it averages between 20%-30% (Kayser 2005).
In Southern Europe R-M17 is not common, for example only 10% in Albania Kosovo and most parts of Greece (Pericić 2005, Rosser 2000 and Semino 2000).
Yet, in the neocon propaganda movie 300, the only three speaking Persian leaders are prominently portrayed not as Persians, but as Nubians.
In the battle scenes Ancient Aryan Iranian fighters are dressed in uniforms that one would expect from the Arab world or Al Qaida. The filmmakers are eager to identify the Persians in the film to be associated with Arab terrorists and Muslim extremists, with head garments bearing similarity to every video of Al Qaida terrorist training camps.
Historical evidence suggests that the Persian army dressed very similarly to the Greeks. Furthermore, the ancient Iranians were Not Muslims, but Aryan ZOROASTRIANS and in fact were very religiously tolerant.
Finally, we get a view of Xerxes. The only thing the movie accurately portrayed about Xerxes was his height, for historians think he was close to seven feet tall.
Surviving art shows him with a full head of hair, long beard, sporting a very regal, European countenance.
In 300, Xerxes is portrayed as a weird, baldheaded, transvestite type complete with earrings, ostentatious jewelry, and heavy eye-lashes and eye-shadow makeup. In Xerxes’ court there are various expressions of bestiality, and perverted sex with deformed human beings.
The truth is while NOT all present day Iranians are of Aryan ancestry, still a significant portion of present day Iranians are of unmistakable Aryan descent. Even today a good number of Iranians are indistinguishable from many Europeans.
The manipulation of truth, distortion of historical facts, science and/or media, in service of political agendas is a reality and has been so for ages. Many so-called academicians today are in the service of political agendas.
The genetic research of mr maziar ashrafian bonab fits entirely in the above category.
Mr maziar asharfian bonab’s theory is badly outdated and merely repeats the discredited views made by Dr Wells back in 2001. Dr Wells fashioned a a highly controversial and hereto unprecedented theory concerning the non-Aryan or non ancient Indo-Iranian origins of the present day Iranian populations based on extremely limited population samples. Dr Wells views has since fallen into disrepute. Even at the time Wells fabricated his theory, it was contradicted by genetic studies conducted by Cavalli-Sforza, Wells’ own teacher, who has revealed that present day Iranians have weak correlation with Near Eastern groups, and are closer to surrounding Indo-Europeans speaking populations.
But mr maziar ashrafian bonab is trying to advance/resurrect the defunct theories of dr wells. The theory basically says that the present day Iranians are merely Middle Easterners (related to ancient Middle Eastern groups like the Akkadians, Assyrians, Babylonians, Amorites, etc. and other Semites of Mesopotamia) who borrowed their language from the unrelated ancient Indo-Iranians or ancient Aryans.
Like Dr Wells before him, mr maziar ashrafian bonab’s ideologically driven theory conveniently ignores the preponderance of R1a genetic marker among present day Iranian populations and/or the overall autosomal DNA of the Iranians. (The R1a or the ancient Iranian-Aryan distinct genetic marker is regularly found at frequencies of greater than 15% across Iran, and reaches frequencies of 35% or much higher in the eastern parts of the country. The highest R1a1 frequencies are detected in the Central Asian populations of Ishkashemi Tajiks (68%) and Pamiri Tajiks (64%), both groups being remnants of the original Eastern Iranian population of the region. Apart from these two groups, high frequencies of R1a1 are also found in Pashtuns (44.8%) and eastern parts of the Iranian Highlands up to frequencies of 35%, similar to Northern India.)
Furthermore, linguistic and archeological evidence proves that the Aryans of ancient Iran shared almost nothing in common with the Semites, neither in language nor culture. Infact the flow of culture that began Mesopotamian civilization was from the regions near the Zagros to the Near East, intruding into the aboriginal cultures of those regions. So in the past, Middle Easterners and ancient Iranians were very different people.
In addition, modern populations of the southern Middle East (especially Arabic speaking ones) have a higher frequency of the haplogroup J1, whereas the great majority of Haplogroup J representatives among the populations of the Northern Middle East, southern Europe, Iran and India belong to the subclade J2a. Haplogroup J2a-M410 in India is largely confined to the upper castes with little occurrence in the middle and lower castes and is completely absent from south Indian tribes and middle and lower castes.
This suggests that, if the occurrence of Haplogroup J2a among modern populations of southern Europe, Central Asia, and South Asia does reflect Neolithic demic diffusion from the Middle East, the source population is more likely to have originated from Anatolia, the Levant or northern Mesopotamia than from regions further south into the arabian peninsula and southern Iraq.
In other words, J2a marker which is found in an average frequency of 25% in Iran would be mainly an Indo-Ayran marker, i.e. those Indo-European people of western Asia. This also works for southern Europeans including Greeks and Italian people.
Compared to the Indo-Aryan J2a marker associated with the ancient Hittites, Mitanni and other Indo-European Anatolian populations, the occurrence of the Semite/South Mesopotamian genetic marker J1 is 40.1% in saudi arabia, 58.3% in Qatar, 72.6% in Yemen, 38.0% in Oman, 34.8% in UAE, 33.3% in Kuwait and only between 9% to 11% in Iran.
However, mr ashrafian bonab claims in essence that the present day Iranians descent from the South Mesopotamian populations and share the same ancestry with the marsh shia arabs of Iraq. It should be added that some later shia hadiths put ajam (a derogatory arab term for Iranians) and the people of kufah in southern Iraq, who refused to help the 3rd shia Martyred Imam Hussein, at the same ancestry.
Remarkably, mr maziar ashrafian bonab also claims that almost ALL the seyyeds in Iran or those who claim descent from the Prophet of Islam seem to share the same south Mesopotamian distinct genetic marker of J1c3d. Over 6 million ppl in Iran alone claim the seyyed ancestry.
Yet, genetic studies in Northern India and other non arab lands has shown that only 11% of the supposed seyyeds share southern Mesopotamian/Semite J1c3d genetic marker. Another 18 percent share the genetic markers J2 which is associated with Indo-Europeans ancient Hittites in Northern Mesopotamia. And 90 percent of those who claim seyyed descent in India and non arab lands share the same genetic markers as the rest of the native populations of their respective country.
Present day West Iranians are genetically closest to the Kurds, and show great genetic similarity to the Armenian and other populations of the Caucasus Mountains.
The genetic markers of present day East Iranians is very similar to that of North Indians and the Brahmans in general, belonging in equal numbers to genetic markers R1a, J2 and G.
To claim that Iranians are a mutated form of arab populations (ajam) is unsubstantiated, ideological rhetoric and is wishful thinking on the part of individuals and groups with a clear ideological agenda.
Fundamentalists are bent on proving through distortion of historical facts, manipulation of scientific data and a host of other unwholesome tactics that the ancient Aryan/Iranian identity is only a myth/lie and even if true was insignificant and marginal at best.
These ideological warriors have found a valuable ally in the politically correct and decadent attitudes of the West toward ancient Indo-European studies.
According to these ideological warriors, Iranian identity begins with shia islam, and all science, culture and civilization and even national identity came to Airan/Iran only after the arab bedouin invasion. To them, Iranians are ajam or a mutated version of arab people, and pre-islamic Iranian history, culture, nationhood and ancient beliefs are mostly a myth and are insignificant at best.
Accordingly; anything and everything prior to the arab invasion falls within the category of dark ages and superstition. The works of mr maziar ashrafian bonab has only given a scientific legitimacy to such unauthentic hadiths and long held erroneous and wishful beliefs.
(During his youth, mr maziar ashrafian bonab shared the Islamic revolutionary ideals of the Basiji movement and the basiji ideals of shia Islam, country and people. The following posted video by mr maziar ashrafian bonab shows clearly his ideological inclinations. (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G5eQS3D4bbU.)
Another fellow thinker of mr maziar ashrafian bonab; mr reza zia-ebrahimi asks if the ancient Indo-European heritage of Iranians does even matter??? Well, the real question is, if faith in the universal islamic religion equates arabization or obliteration of any identity other than the arab/islamic identity???
Going back to mr reza zia-ebrahimi rhetorical question; Yes every identity matters. The same way that the Palestinian identity matters, the kurdish and Iranian identity matter as well. The possible hebrew lineage of present day Palestinian Arabs matter. The Armenian ancestry of many present day Turks matter. The ancient Indo-European ancestry and identity of present day Iranians and Kurds matter too.
Fact is that shia islam has a rich and undeniable Zoroastrian heritage and background. That heritage ought to be celebrated and not shunned, denied or obliterated by the shia moslems.
Happily, many present day Iranians are PROUDLY rediscovering their Aryan Zoroastrian past and see NO conflict between their ancient heritage/religion and their current shia faith. This includes many brave members of the Islamic revolutionary guard and families and children of shia marja or sources of emulation. The tide of history can not be undone.
I would like to end this article with a quote from Tolkien Lord of the Rings; “How could the world go back to the way it was, when so much bad had happened? But in the end, it’s only a passing thing, this shadow. Even darkness must pass. A new day will come. And when the sun shines, it will shine out the clearer.”
Iranian mitochondrial DNA
Here is the fruit of Elena Kuz’mina’s life-long quest for origin of the Indo-Iranians, considered the most comprehensive analysis of the origins of the Indo-Iranians ever published
The latest study has a different take,namely that R1a originated within Iranian territory itself rather than the Steppes.
“Our phylogeographic data lead us to conclude that the initial episodes of R1a-M420 diversification occurred in the vicinity of Iran and Eastern Turkey, and we estimate that diversification downstream of M417/Page7 occurred ~5800 years ago. This suggests the possibility that R1a lineages accompanied demic expansions initiated during the Copper, Bronze, and Iron ages, partially replacing previous Y-chromosome strata, an interpretation consistent with albeit limited ancient DNA evidence.”
“Among the 120 populations with sample sizes of at least 50 individuals and with at least 10% occurrence of R1a, just 6 met these criteria, and 5 of these 6 populations reside in modern-day Iran. Haplogroup diversities among the six populations ranged from 0.78 to 0.86 (Supplementary Table 4). Of the 24 R1a-M420*(xSRY10831.2) chromosomes in our data set, 18 were sampled in Iran and 3 were from eastern Turkey. Similarly, five of the six observed R1a1-SRY10831.2*(xM417/Page7) chromosomes were also from Iran, with the sixth occurring in a Kabardin individual from the Caucasus. Owing to the prevalence of basal lineages and the high levels of haplogroup diversities in the region, we find a compelling case for the Middle East, possibly near present-day Iran, as the geographic origin of hg R1a”