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Ahurás or the supreme godly powers (the Splendid Immortals) of Mazdá
Dr Tony Page states: “If one wants to correct an extremely widespread error, it is necessary to focus on that error and explain what the correct teaching is.”
Ameshá/ Amertá Speñtá “Auspicious or Splendid Immortals” is a most beautiful concept in the songs of the Prophet Zarathushtra. The so called gatha restoration movement however, claims that Ameshá/ Amertá Speñtá “Auspicious or Splendid Immortals” is a non-gathic term.
True, the term does not occur verbatim in the poetic gathas. Yet, the concept appears in plural as “Mazdá and his ahurás or the supreme godly powers of Mazdá.” (See Yasna 30.9, 2nd rhymed verse line and Yasna 31.4, 1st rhymed verse line.)
In the poetic gathas ahurás are the “self manifestations or superb spiritual beings” of Mazdá. Ahurá meaning “godly power or superb spirit/being” is the same as Old Norse æsir. The rune ansuz, the rune of godly, unique and superb powers is connected to the æsirs.
Ahurás are called “splendid immortals” or ameshá/ amertá speñtá in the later Avestan texts. They are masters of their own will, and are of the same passion, will/desire and harmony with Mazdá and each other, (See Yasna 33.9 3rd rhymed verse line and Yasna 51.20, 1st rhymed verse line.)
They are eternal within Mazdá’s mind/vision; hence they are called “a-paöúrvím,” (See Yasna 28.3, the first rhymed line.) The term “a-paöúrvím” is the same as Vedic “apaurashaya,” a word which reveals their eternal and ever pristine status.
Their number has been cited as 7 (eternity, infinity) and 33 (infinite wisdom.) Yet the best description is in Vispered 8.1, where we read that their number is 50, 100, 1000, 10,000, yet beyond reckoning.
They see the mind/spirit of Mazdá each time reflected anew, and learn/discover yet more of his wisdom and vision. Each time, they discover a brilliant thought and a new luminous vision of Mazdá, they begin a new theme like and yet unlike to the former creation theme, and create new beauty, awe, and wonder in being and time.
Mazdá shows his ahurás (eternal, superb spirits) a new vision each time, and they unfold a new reality/world based on this newly discovered vision/wisdom. Their role is to make the existence brilliant, ever afresh and new, (See Yasna 30.9, 2nd rhymed verse line.)
For the delight of Mazdá is in the deed of making, and in the things most amazingly made, wherefore he passes ever on to some new brilliant work.
Since every new discovery is theirs, the habitation of ahurás or splendid immortals is established in the eternity and infinite vastness of Vohü-manö, the awe-inspiring, wondrous spirit of Mazdá, Gd of Genius and Vision, (See Yasna 39.3.)
Of course if we follow the flawed logic of the so called gatha movement (a Misnomer,) we shall also claim that the term dharma is a non-Vedic term. Ignoring the fact that in the Vedas, the term rita is equivalent/identical to dharma in the later Hindu literature.
I call the approach of the so called gatha movement grossly flawed and ridiculously illogical.
It might be of interest to add that the term gatha or gathic is also a non-gathic term. Avestan gáthá “Sacred verse/song” (Lithuanian giedoti, to sing) does not appear in the gathas. The gathas call themselves instead mánthrá (Compare with Greek mentor, wise counsel, formulas that unleash the powers of mind/spirit.)
I shall conclude by saying that each line and verse of the gathas or more accurately mánthrás are about Mazdá, the Gd of Wisdom and Vision and his ahurás or splendid immortals.