Yasna 28.8 based on the ancient commentary


Copyright: @2013 Ardeshir Farahmand. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.

Yasna 28.8

Your most wondrous, awe-inspiring (vision, wisdom to see) which is the best, most marvelous (from all else)
having the same love/desire as the most beautiful brilliance, luminosity (through forward progress/excellence)

ahúrá realize the loving desire, yearning of
the valiant ferashaóshtar (give ferashaóshtar to me in discipleship) and those that are mine (make them ferashaóshtar’s disciples and students)

Thus you be bountiful, generous to them,
Forever, through all the ages of an awe-inspiring, wondrous spirit/mind
(That is for Frashöshtar and the disciples of Frashöshtar always, until the tangible form that will come to pass/future body; provide the reward of fortune and goodness.)

vahishtem thwá vahishtá
kih páhlümíh í tü (dinö í tü) í páhlüm (az avárík mindavam)

Your most wondrous, awe-inspiring (vision, wisdom to see) which is the best, most marvelous (from all else)

ýém ashá vahishtá ha-zaóshem
pah aharáyíh páhlüm án ham-döshání (pah frárüníh)

having the same love/desire as the most beautiful brilliance, luminosity (through forward progress/excellence)

ahúrem ýásá váunush
ahúrmazd khvahishnö víndínáí

ahúrá realize the loving desire, yearning of

Avestan váunush,Vedic vanas, Roman Venus “Love, desire, to win , be satisfied.” Compare also with Old Norse vinna “to win, overcome, conquer.” The above occurrence as váunush is a clear example of poetic wordplay in the sacred verse.

naröi ferashaóshtrái maibyá-chá
gabrá ferashaóshtar (kü ferashaóshtar pah hávishtíh bará deh) máníkánich (í ferashaóshtar afash hávishtíh deh)

the valiant ferashaóshtar (give ferashaóshtar to me in discipleship) and those that are mine (make them ferashaóshtar’s disciples and students)

The word for hero, valiant is “naröi from nar” in the original. It comes from the root nar “powerful, virile, courageous;” the Proto-Indo-European root nḗr. Cognates include Ancient Greek ἀνήρ (anēr) Persian (nar) and Sanskrit नर (nára.) Also compare with Lithuanian nóras “will power” Old Irish ner, Welsh nêr/ nerth “manliness, courage hero,” Modern Breton: nerzh “power,” Latin: neriōsus “firm, resolute, powerful,” The personal name Nerō comes from the same root.

ýaæibyas-chá ít ráv.ang.hang.höi
avöch öshán adínö rádö hömanih

Thus you be bountiful, generous to them

Ráv is “rapid flow” of goodness, bountifulness, generosity

víspái ýavæ vang.hé.ush man.ang.hö
hamáí vad avö vispö pah vohüman (kü Frashöshtar ud hávishtán í Frashöshtar vad tanö í passinö hamáí nadükíh padash vádün)

Forever, through all the ages of an awe-inspiring, wondrous spirit/mind
(That is for Frashöshtar and the disciples of Frashöshtar always, until the tangible form that will come to pass/future body; provide the reward of fortune and goodness.)

ardeshir

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