Evil finds special delight in going out of its way to destroy the good. It is so because evil subsists due to its PARASITIC nature on Goodness and Beauty. Another way to define it is to say that evil feeds on the Radiant Energy and Luminosity of the Good.
In the poetic gathas, Genius, Sense of Wonder is the SUBLIME, ORIGINAL FORCE and unmatched in energy; whereas evil, anguish is degenerate and twisted. Luminous Vision is the primary energy, ever flowing; whereas gloom is the counterfeit, stuck unable to move forward.
Gathas of the prophet clearly teach that Good and evil are locked in a COSMIC struggle, the things we observe are just the visible results of the conflict between Good and evil that takes place on a COSMIC scale.
In Yasna 30.3, 1st rhymed verse line; the prophet narrates the tale of the two poles of the conscious force; “the two mainyü-s at first as twins in dream vision were heard.”
The ancient commentary says; Ahúrmazd and ahriman at first made themselves heard as twains of “Genius, Superb workmanship” and “folly, madness.”
Mainyü is “the intent, energy, power of the spirit, the conscious force.” It comes from the root man to “feel/sense.” The Avestan man is “the spirit, wisdom to see, Meaning.” It has to do with “sense, feeling, intense emotion, intuition and knowing.”
(Compare with Proto Indo European mon-eyo “intent, purpose, spirit, passion” Proto Indo European meino- “meaning, import, force” Old Irish mian “eager desire.” See also Yasna 31.12, 2nd rhymed verse line and Yasna 46.14, 4th rhymed verse line.)
When the prophet talks about Twin Mainyü-s, he is talking about; Sense and senselessness, Genius and madness, as it relates to vibrant life force and the living dead, (See Yasna 30.4, 2nd rhymed verse line.)
The statement of Mr. Ali Akbar Jafarey who writes: “The two represent the duality only and only in the human mind and within the human society. The dualism in the Gathas is pure ethical in nature. As regards good and evil, he confines both to human mind, not outside, not in the cosmos” is WHOLLY UNFOUNDED.
Mr. Jafarey’s above statement can NOT be substantiated by the original gathic poetry, any of the ancient gathic commentaries and/or the entire Zoroastrian thousands year old spiritual literature. Mr. Ali Akbar Jafarey’s fallacious conclusion stems from the human-centric notion that only humans have “mind” or humans alone are capable of “sense, feeling and understanding.”
While the poetic gathas clearly attribute “soul, sense, feeling and conscious force” to the entire cosmos as is evident by the first verse in the poetic gathas, (See Yasna 28.1, 3rd rhymed verse line.)
Furthermore, NO where in the original gathic verse is there talk of the “human mind” or “humans” as is so purported by Mr. Ali Akbar Jafarey, but the principal of “sense, spirit and the conscious energy.”
The seer/prophet sees in a “dream vision” (Avestan khvfená, sleeping vision, dream, Old Norse svefn Old English swefn, Lithuanian sapnas, Greek hypnos, Spanish sueño) twins of “sense” versus “senselessness;” “meaning, force, energy” versus “meaninglessness and parasitic existence;” “Genius” versus “madness.”
The root of evil as the ancient Aryan prophet calls it is nöit eresh vishyátá; “a desire/wish not in rhythm, a wish that violates the melody, flow of meaning, force, energy.” For Spirit is like water when stagnated, it becomes decayed and foul. (See Yasna 30.3, 3rd rhymed verse line and Yasna 30.6, 1st rhymed verse line.)
Evil is linked in the gathas to the “breaking down” of Sense/Spirit. But, as long as beings have man “sense and intense desire,” it is possible that they will choose well. In the end shadow is only a passing thing, there is light and wondrous beauty forever beyond the reach of the broken spirit.
I like to conclude by the words of the seer/prophet himself where he says in Yasna 30.3, 2nd rhymed verse line; “in sense and spirit, in sound, voice and action, they made themselves known as better, more wondrous and the worst.”
But why is it “better, more wondrous” (vahyö) compare to “the worst, most beaten” (akem)???
The answer is that while there is NO possible limit to “Sense of Wonder, Wow, Beauty and how much BETTER it can get;” there is certainly a finite limit to “misery, evil and the beaten spirit.”